U.S. Census Information

The University of Virginia Library holds copies of the original U. S. Census books on microfilm for all states from 1790 through 1860. For 1870 through 1930, the Library holds microfilm copies for Virginia only. These are located in the Government Information Reading Room in Alderman Library. The 1940 U.S. census is available in digital format.

All U.S. Censuses (the General Population schedules) that are currently available to the public maybe be searched for free at FamilySearch.org. In addition, the Library subscribes to ProQuest’s Heritage Quest Online, which offers online access and indexing to records of several of the publicly available censuses (1790-1930), although this collection is not complete. Because of licensing restrictions, Heritage Quest Online may only be used from U.Va. locations.

We’ve created a printable brochure to help visitors find census materials in the Library. It’s called, U. S. Census Resources: A Guide for Genealogists and Local Historians.

In addition to the Census records themselves, Government Information Services holds both print and electronic indexes for the censuses in the Government Information Reading Room. To find the censuses or their indexes in the online catalog, do a First Words subject search beginning with [State name] then Census, for example: Virginia Census, or Maryland Census, etc.

Census FormsAll Forms Ancestry.com. Census Records: Free Downloadable Forms. Website.Includes forms for all U.S. Censuses, as well as other useful genealogical forms.
Alderman Stacks
HA214 .D65 2000
Dollarhide, William. The census book : a genealogist’s guide to federal census facts, schedules and indexes : with master extraction forms for federal census schedules, 1790-1930. Bountiful, Utah : Heritage Quest, c2000.Includes maps, and a CD-ROM.
http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/pol02-ma.pdf Gauthier, Jason G. Measuring America : the decennial censuses from 1790-2000. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, 2002.
http://www.censusfinder.com Hay, Brenda. Census finder; a directory of free census records. c2005. Website.Provides links to census records that are available online for free. Currently has links to almost 30,000 census sites.
http://www.heritagequestonline.com/(Available only from U.Va. locations.) Heritage Quest Online. [Ann Arbor, Mich.] : ProQuest, c2002-Database of family and local history documents and U.S. census data.
http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/ Historical Census Browser. University of Virginia Library, GeoStat Center, 2007.
Alderman Stacks
CS49 .K4 2001
Kemp, Thomas Jay. The American census handbook. Wilmington, Del. : Scholarly Resources, 2001.
Alderman Stacks
HA37 .U55 P48 2004
Peters, Alan H. Unlocking the Census with GIS. Redlands, Calif. : ESRI, c2004.Contents: The Census: an introduction — Downloading the data and the maps — Using the Census to analyze demographic and social conditions — Using the census to analyze economic conditions — Using the Census to analyze housing issues — Using the Census to analyze transportation issues — Strategies for distribution.
Gov Info Reference
G1201 .F7 T45 1987
Thorndale, William. Map guide to the U.S. Federal censuses, 1790-1920. Baltimore : Genealogical Pub. Co., 1987.
Alderman Government Information
C 56.222/2-2:790-972
United States. Bureau of the Census. Bureau of the Census catalog of publications, 1790-1972. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Social and Economic Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census, 1974.Based on the annual issues of the Catalog, 1946-1972. Includes Catalog of United States census publications, 1790-1945 prepared by the Census Library Project, Library of Congress.
United States. Bureau of the Census. Catalog and guide. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1985-Includes subject area sections that describe all pertinent census data products available, i.e. “Business–trade and services”, “Geography”, “Transportation,” etc.